WSUS

All command line options for the wuauclt:

From a dump of the .exe (W2k3 R2 version ) we can extract the following options:
/DetectNow
/ReportNow
/RunHandlerComServer
/RunStoreAsComServer
/ShowSettingsDialog
/ResetAuthorization
/ResetEulas
/ShowWU
/ShowWindowsUpdate
/SelfUpdateManaged
/SelfUpdateUnmanaged
/UpdateNow
/ShowWUAutoScan
/ShowFeaturedUpdates
/ShowOptions
/ShowFeaturedOptInDialog
/DemoUI

Windows update service can be started from command line(CMD) using the below command.

net start wuauserv

It can be stopped from windows command line(CMD) using the below net stop command.

net stop wuauserv

To restart the wsus server you can run:

net stop WSUSService

and

net start WSUSService

SNMP on windows

To modify the traps or the access to the SNMP 
you can open the services console, and find SNMP 
services in case the Security tap it's lock you can modify 
the information on the registries:

HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\SNMP\Parameters\ValidCommunities
HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\SNMP\Parameters\PermittedManagers

To add a host on the accept snmp packets, 
create a new string key on the ValidCommunities 
regestry, after this restart the service, 
and everything will start working.

Insecure world writable dir on rails

Error: warning: Insecure world writable dir /usr/local/bin in PATH, mode 040766

I found this error at running any rails command, this is due UNIX doesn’t like the word writable on that path; the solution:

sudo chmod go-w /usr/local/bin

So breaking down the command above:

chmod – change the ‘mode’ of the file (i.e. its permissions)

go – for group(g) and others(o)

-w – (minus w) remove write permission

/home/chance – the file (or directory) in question

Paste and match the style

When you copy and paste text using Apple-C / Apple-V you are not only copying the textual data but also the styling of the text. This is not a good thing most of the time as it would create a mix of different font types, colors, weights, etc. in your document and you have to manually reset to make it look consistent.

You can however use a simple trick to bypass the pasting of stylistic info and just paste the textual data. Just use the Apple-Option-Shift-V shortcut to paste and avoid extra work.

Keyboard shortcuts in OS X

Here is a list of all the shortcuts in Mac OS X.. Perhaps useful if you switched to the mac or forgotten certain shortcuts..

It’s a pretty long list, but perhaps useful..

Startup

  • “Press X during startup” = Force Mac OS X startup
  • “Press Option-Command-Shift-Delete during startup” = Bypass primary startup volume and seek a different startup volume (such as a CD or external disk)
  • “Press C during startup” = Start up from a CD that has a system folder
  • “Press N during startup” = Attempt to start up from a compatible network server (NetBoot)
  • “Press T during startup” = Start up in FireWire Target Disk mode
  • “Press Shift during startup” = start up in Safe Boot mode and temporarily disable login items and non-essential kernel extension files (Mac OS X 10.2 and later)
  • “Press Command-V during startup” = Start up in Verbose mode
  • “Press Command-S during startup” = Start up in Single-User mode

Finder window

  • “Command-W” = Close Window
  • “Option-Command-W” = Close all Windows
  • “Command-Right Arrow” = Expand folder (list view)
  • “Option-Command-Right Arrow” = Expand folder and nested subfolders (list view)
  • “Command-Left Arrow” = Collapse Folder (list view)
  • “Option-Command-Up Arrow” = Open parent folder and close current window

Menu Commands

  • “Shift-Command-Q” = Apple Menu Log out
  • “Shift-Option-Command-Q” = Apple Menu Log out immediately
  • “Shift-Command-Delete” = Finder Menu Empty Trash
  • “Option-Shift-Command-Delete” = Finder Menu Empty Trash without dialog
  • “Command-H” = Finder Menu Hide Finder
  • “Option-Command-H” = Finder Menu Hide Others
  • “Command-N” = File Menu New Finder window
  • “Shift-Command-N” = File Menu New Folder
  • “Command-O” = File Menu Open
  • “Command-S” = File Menu Save
  • “Shift-Command-S” = File Menu Save as
  • “Command-P” = File Menu Print
  • “Command-W” = File Menu Close Window
  • “Option-Command-W” = File Menu Close all Windows
  • “Command-I” = File Menu Get Info
  • “Option-Command-I” = File Menu Show Attributes Inspector
  • “Command-D” = File Menu Duplicate
  • “Command-L” = File Menu Make Alias
  • “Command-R” = File Menu Show original
  • “Command-T” = File Menu Add to Favorites
  • “Command-Delete” = File Menu Move to Trash
  • “Command-E” = File Menu Eject
  • “Command-F” = File Menu Find
  • “Command-Z” = Edit Menu Undo
  • “Command-X” = Edit Menu Cut
  • “Command-C” = Edit Menu Copy
  • “Command-V” = Edit Menu Paste
  • “Command-A” = Edit Menu Select All
  • “Command-1” = View Menu View as Icons
  • “Command-2” = View Menu View as List
  • “Command-3” = View Menu View as Columns
  • “Command-B” = View Menu Hide Toolbar
  • “Command-J” = View Menu Show View Options
  • “Command – [” = Go Menu Back
  • “Command – ]” = Go Menu Forward
  • “Shift-Command-C” = Go Menu Computer
  • “Shift-Command-H” = Go Menu Home
  • “Shift-Command-I” = Go Menu iDisk
  • “Shift-Command-A” = Go Menu Applications
  • “Shift-Command-F” = Go Menu Favorites
  • “Shift-Command-G” = Go Menu Goto Folder
  • “Command-K” = Go Menu Connect to Server
  • “Command-M” = Window Menu Minimize Window
  • “Command-?” = Help Menu Open Mac Help
  • “Command-Space” = Open Spotlight (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • “Command-Alt-Space” = Open Spotlight Guide (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • “F12” = Opens Dashboard (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)

Universal Access and VoiceOver

  • “Option-Command-* (asterisk)” = Turn on Zoom
  • “Option-Command-+ (plus)” = Zoom in
  • “Option-Command– (minus)” = Zoom out
  • “Control-Option-Command-* (asterisk)” = Switch to White on Black
  • “Control-F1” = Turn on Full Keyboard Access When Full Keyboard Access is turned on, you can use the key combinations listed in the table below from the Finder.
  • “Control-F2” = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Menu
  • “Control-F3” = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Dock
  • “Control-F4” = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Window (active) or next window behind it
  • “Control-F5” = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Toolbar
  • “Control-F6” = Full Keyboard Access Highlight Utility window (palette)
  • “Command-F5 or fn-Command-F5” = Turn VoiceOver on or off (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • “Control-Option-F8 or fn-Control-Option-F8” = Open VoiceOver Utility (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • “Control-Option-F7 or fn-Control-option-F7” = Display VoiceOver menu (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)
  • “Control-Option-; or fn-Control-option-” = Enable/disable VoiceOver Control-Option lock (Mac OS X 10.4 or later)

Mouse Keys

  • “8” = Move Up
  • “2” = Move Down
  • “4” = Move Left
  • “6” = Move Right
  • “1, 3, 7, 9” = Move Diagonally
  • “5” = Press Mouse Button
  • “0” = Hold Mouse Button
  • “. (period on keypad)” = Release Mouse Button (use after pressing 0)

Other Commands

  • “Option-Command-D” = Show/Hide Dock
  • “Command-Tab” = Switch application
  • “Command-Up Arrow” = Move up one directory
  • “Command-Down Arrow” = Move down one directory
  • “Page Up or Control-Up Arrow” = Move up one page
  • “Page Down or Control-Down Arrow” = Move down one page
  • “Option-Drag” = Copy to new location
  • “Option-Command-Drag” = Make alias in new location
  • “Command-Drag” = Move to new location without copying
  • “Command-C” = Show Colors palette in application
  • “Command-T” = Show Font palette in application
  • “Command-Shift-3” = Take a picture of the screen
  • “Command-Shift-4” = Take a picture of the selection
  • “Command-Shift-4, then press Control while selecting” = Take a picture of the screen, place in Clipboard
  • “Command-Shift-4, then Spacebar” = Take a picture of the selected window
  • “Option-Command-esc” = Force Quit
  • “Control-Eject” = Restart, Sleep, Shutdown dialog box
  • “Control-Command-Eject” = Quit all applications and restart
  • “Option-Command-Eject or Option-Command-Power” = Sleep
  • “Command-click window toolbar button (upper right corner)” = Cycle through available views for the window’s toolbar (dependant on the nature of the Finder or application window)
  • “Command-`” = Cycle through windows in application or Finder (if more than one window is open)
  • “Function-Delete (PowerBook, iBook only)” = Forward Delete (delete the character to the right of your cursor)